Ghanzi is a district
in western Botswana, bordering Namibia in the west and
extending east into much of the interior of the country.
The district's administrative centre is the town of
Ghanzi. Most of the eastern half of Ghanzi makes up
the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. The human population
at the 2001 census was 33,170, less populous than that
of any other district in Botswana. Ghanzi's area is
This region is largely
covered by the Kalahari Desert, some of which is also
covered by the Makgadikgadi Pans, a large seasonal wetland.
The Khoe - San are the
aboriginal people of South Africa. Their distinct hunter-gatherer
culture stretches back over 20 000 years, and their
genetic origins reach back over one million years. Recent
research indicates that the San are the oldest genetic
stock of contemporary humanity.
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